Drinking resources were limited in colonial times. As Brown states, Two typical New England facts brought about polluted water: Indians and the weather. The Indians had a reputation of stealing, and when the colonists werent worried about the Indians the threat of winter brought snow and cold temperatures. Many colonists had wells available for water. Brown describes the water quality in Wines and Beers of New England: Wells were either next to the house, usually in and attached shed, or right inside. Sanitary requirements were unknown.
The customary way of dealing with human wastes was to use a chamber pot, which was emptied onto the animal dung heap, often very close to the water supply. Yet the farmers needed to quench their thirst, and although secondarily the alcohol in beer wine, and cider must have helped make the rugged unpleasantness of their lives more endurable, primarily the alcohol was a preservative for their drinks. Alcohol was accessible and didnt pose a threat to the colonists. It was more than a luxury, it was a necessity. (Lender and Martin 2) The main concern of American colonists was farming.
War was also going on. Farmers turning into soldiers being sent to fight. These were depressing times especially during winter months. How were these soldiers to keep warm? If we think about it a fire would give away their position and they had no shelter. Written by John Brown in Early American Beverages, Exposed to the rigors of freezing and sub-zero temperatures, at times, a bit of rum or wine provided a warming stimulant and may have prevented pneumonia. For the soldiers alcohol was a necessity. Our colonial ancestors were heavy drinkers.
Alcohol was beneficial, and it was only logical to the colonists for alcohol to be a major part of an everyday diet. Alcohol provided warmth in the cold, no expiration, happiness in war, and hydration for farmers. The dangers of alcohol were minimal in comparison to the other drinking sources.
Works Cited: Brown, John H. Early American Beverages. New York: Bonanza, 1966. Print. Brown, Sanborn. Wines& Beers of Old New England A How-To-Do-It History . Hanover, NH: The UP of England, 1978. Print. Lender, Mark E. , and James K. Martin. Drinking in America: A History. 2nd ed. New York: Free Press, 1987. Print.