Comparing American and French Revolution Essay

Published: 2020-01-13 20:51:23
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Category: French Revolution

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The American and French Revolution are the two most important revolutions to ever happen in history. Both revolutions began due to the common people need to obtain independence and liberty from an oppressive government. The American Revolution was first started the American colonists who wanted financial independence from Great Britain. The French Revolution was a struggle to gain social equality among the masses. Though both revolutions are glorious, they have different and similar characteristics among them. The American and French had several similarities as well as differences in military, politics, and society.

The American and French military were different and similar in many ways. The Americans and Frenchs main fighting tactic were the Guerilla Warfare. Soldiers would hide and ambush enemies. The French infantry was much more skilled than American. The American and French Revolution were different in military because France was more wealthy than the Americans. France had a large inventory of artillery, ammunition, clothing, and food. The Americans however had great leaders. Both countries had great leaders. Leaders like General George Washington led the Americans to victory, while the Frenchs Napolean Bonaparte led his army to many successful battles for France.

The American and French are different in that of political structure. The only thing that was similar was that both countrys government were inspired by the Enlightenment philosophers. America had the Articles of Confederation. It was weak and had many problems. Later a new type of government was formed. It consists a Senate and House of Representatives in Congress, three branches of government, Federal System, and the Bill of Rights. The French created a new constitution. The National Assembly finalizes the Constitution and becomes the Legislative Assembly. It consists of the Radical, Moderates, and Conservatives. American Thomas Jeffrey wrote the Declaration of Independence whereas the French Marquis de Lefayette prepared and proposed the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens.

Society in France was quite different than America. France had three estates: Clergy, Nobles, and everyone else (bourgeoisie, peasants..etc). Peasants were taxed heavily while nobles and clergies did not have to pay anything. The American colonists were also taxed. Britain made the Stamp Act and the Tea Act. France had a horrifying and bloody tool called the Guillotine which beheaded King Louis XVI, the royals and any others who supported their opposition.

The American and French Revolution were important in the United States and France history. It showed low class people fight their way to victory from a strong government. France had a better military than the Americans, the political structure was different, and the society in both countries were different.

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