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Time value of money
Explaind how a dollar received today, other things being the same, is worth more than a dollar received a year from now.
efficient market is a market in which all the available information is fully incorporated into securities prices, and the returns investors will earn on their investments cannot be predicted.
Primary versus secondary market
A primary market is a market in which new, as opposed to previously issued, securities are bought and sold for the first time. The secondary market is where all subsequent trading of previously issued securities takes place.
investment opportunities that have different risks and different expected rates of return that reflect those risks.
Agency (principal and agent problems)
The conflict of interest between the firms managers and its stockholders is called a principal-agent problem, or agency problem, in which the firms common stockholders, the owners of the firm, are the principals in the relationship, and the managers act as agents to these owners.
Market information and security prices and information asymmetry. Through Market information you can know the prices of the different commodities in the market, the supply and the demand situation.
Agile and lean principles to be responsive to changing needs.
Return on investment
A performance measure used to evaluate the efficiency of an investment or to compare the efficiency of a number of different investments.
Cash flow and a source of value
Cash flow is a revenue or expense stream that changes a cash account over a given period. A source of value is a source of worth, merit or importaince
The planning and organization of an organizations resources in order to move a specific task, event or duty toward completion.
Outsourcing and offshoring
Offshoring means getting work done in a different country. Outsourcing refers to contracting work out to an external organization. http://www.diffen.com/difference/Offshoring_vs_Outsourcing
A ratio showing how many times a companys inventory is sold and replaced over a period Investopedia
Just-in-time inventory (JIT)
Just in time (JIT) inventory is a management system in which materials or products are produced or acquired only as demand requires http://smallbusiness.chron.com/just-time-inventory-definition-23475.html Vender managed inventory (VMI)
A means of optimizing Supply Chain performance in which the manufacturer is responsible for maintaining the distributors inventory levels. http://www.vendormanagedinventory.com/definition.php
Forecasting and demand management
Demand management and forecasting is recognizing all demand for goods and services to support the marketplace. Demand is prioritized when supply is lacking. http://www.apics.org/industry-content-research/publications/ombok/apics-ombok-framework-table-of-contents/apics-ombok-framework-5.4