Document 2 supports the idea that the colonies were vindicated in breaking away from Britain. The policy of mercantilism, the belief that colonies were established for the benefit of the mother country, played a major role in the colonies endeavor for freedom. The excerpts from, Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, by John Dickinson found in document 2 object the Stamp Act and the Townshend Acts. The Stamp Act was passed in 1765 requiring a tax stamp on printed material, from newspapers to wills.
In 1767 Parliament passed the Townshend Acts which taxed imports. Document 2 reveals the opposition of internal taxes, where producing revenue is the only objective. Dickinson specifically opposed those acts but there were many more influencing a revolution. Such as the Navigation Acts which forced colonists to trade with Britain and its possessions. Parliament imposed customs duties, or tariffs, to enforce the regulations. This act along with the Sugar Act caused smuggling among the colonies, importing foreign items and bribing colonial officials. Colonist viewed these new taxes as a threat to their liberties, and their natural rights were violated due to no representation in Parliament. No Taxation without Representation.
Additionally, document 5 discusses how the war began in April when British forces had marched to Lexington and Concord. The excerpt portrayed in document 5, written by John Dickinson and Thomas Jefferson, clearly explains and justifies the fighting that had continued since April. The excerpt illustrates that the British are terrorizing the colonists, obtain unlimited power, and the colonist must fight back to this unfairness. Document 7 also reveals these same ideas of criminal actions of the British in a passage from the Declaration of Independence. In this document King George is described as an unlawful tyrant and that he is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. Documents 5 and 7 are quality examples of why the colonists autonomy was justified. Another example of Britains illicit actions towards the colonist was the Writs of Assistance. Writs of Assistance were court orders that authorized customs officers to conduct general (non-specific) searches of premises for contraband.
Lastly, in document 1 Thomas Whatley argues that the British were justified in levying taxes on their American colonists. The citation from Considerations explains how the British were not recovered from the War undertaken exclusively for the protection of the colonies. Whatley exclaims that the colonies should contribute to the defense that they have received. However, the only reason defense was offered to the colonies is to preserve them so Great Britain could continue to earn profit from them. Consequently, Great Britain is merely looking to benefit themselves by offering defense and taxing the colonies after doing so. Another aspect of why the colonies were right in there actions to break free from the unlawful rule of the British they were under.