* The film The Birth of a Nation was released, mythologizing and glorifying the first Klan. In 1915 Jewish businessman Leo Frank was lynched near Atlanta after the Georgia governor commuted his death sentence to life in prison. Frank had been convicted in 1913 and sentenced to death for the murder of a young white factory worker named Mary Phagan
* The second Ku Klux Klan founded in 1915 by William J. Simmons at Stone Mountain, outside Atlanta. Its growth was based on a new anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic, prohibitionist and antisemitic agenda. Most of the founders were from a small Atlanta-area organization called the Knights of Mary Phagan, who had organized around Leo Franks trial.
The new organization and chapters adopted regalia featured in The Birth of a Nation. Much of the Klans energy went to guarding the home; historian Kathleen Bleeits said its members wanted to protect the interests of white womanhood The Klan moved beyond just targeting blacks, and broadened its message of hate to include Catholics, Jews and foreigners. The Klan promoted fundamentalism and devout patriotism along with advocating white supremacy. They blasted bootleggers, motion pictures and espoused a return to clean living