Therapy is a standard terminology that explains the purpose of medical, psychiatric, psychological or alternative designed to promote health and well-being (World Self-Medication Industry n.p.). For me though, it means that, it is a kind of professional help that addresses a wide range of dilemmas related to the mental state of an individual.
Types of Therapy
There are several types of therapy and some of these are the following:
First of all is known as psychoanalytic therapy which has been established by Sigmund Freud (Wagner n.p.). In this particular kind of therapy, the psychoanalytic therapist obliges himself to attend to what the client/patient says about his or her life (Wagner n.p.). It is also technically referred to as talk therapy because of that (Wagner n.p.). The psychoanalytic therapist analyses the narration provided to him or her and find important occurrences that may contribute to the client/patients existing difficulties/hardships (Wagner n.p.).
Furthermore, the psychoanalytic therapist pays attention to the occurrences during the client/patients childhood days, unconscious emotions, opinion/judgment, as well as, motivations because they extremely believe that the aforementioned contribute largely to an individuals mental illness, as well as, maladaptive behaviors (Wagner n.p.). Moreover, psychoanalytic therapy is said to be exceedingly expensive, time-consuming, as well as, ineffective, however, it is said that it has been very helpful as well since simply sharing personal thoughts, emotions, and problems, as well as, knowing that somebody is willing to listen already minimizes stress and tension on the part of the patient/client (Wagner n.p.).
The second is known as cognitive therapy, a kind of therapy which actually looks into specific dilemmas or issues (Wagner n.p.). Here, the cognitive therapist focuses on the unreasonable/illogical/flawed thoughts and insights (Wagner n.p.). This is because the cognitive therapist believes that the aforementioned brings about dysfunctions (Wagner n.p.). What cognitive therapist does is to help the patient/client alter his or her unreasonable/illogical/flawed thoughts and insights (Wagner n.p.).
For instance, if a client/patient fears open spaces/crowded places/public places, then the cognitive therapist will assist the client/patient to face that fear through actual experience (Wagner n.p.). The cognitive therapist may help the client/patient to imagine himself or herself to be in such a situation/location before eventually exposing the client/patient to experience the actual fear (Wagner n.p.). That is what the cognitive therapist will do until the aforementioned phobia is decreased or entirely eliminated (Wagner n.p.). In addition to the aforementioned, cognitive therapy is said to be extremely helpful especially when it comes to depression- and anxiety-related cases (Wagner n.p.).
The third is technically referred to as group therapy (Wagner n.p.). This is categorized under psychotherapy wherein two or more clients work with one or more therapists or counselors (Wagner n.p.). Furthermore, this is usually carried out by support groups in order for the members of the group to discover and learn from other individuals experiences and recommendations (Wagner n.p.). Moreover, group therapy is advantageous because it provides emotional support to those who feel alone, isolated, or different (Wagner n.p.). Interestingly, group therapy has been claimed to be more cost effective than individual psychotherapy and is oftentimes more effective (Wagner n.p.).
The fourth is known as Solution-focused Brief Therapy, which is utilized to address a wide range of dilemmas including the following: 1) anxiety; 2) depression; 3) mental health-related problems; 4) oppression experiences; 5) pain; 6) problems in sleeping; 7) work-related dilemmas; 8) relationship problems (including differences with children, with spouse, and with close friends); 9) stress; 10) substance abuse (including drugs and alcohol); 11) etc (The Brief Therapy Practice n.p.). Here in the Solution-focused Brief Therapy, instead of solving problems, it builds solutions and so the modifications/transformations that may happen are unswerving, and thus, such changes are most likely to last (The Brief Therapy Practice n.p.).
Fifth is play therapy, which typically addresses the developmental dilemmas of young individuals, i.e. children (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research n.p.). A play therapist is motivated to play, paint, and indulge themselves in other interesting activities in order for them to effortlessly communicate their emotions and feelings if they lack the cognitive development to articulate themselves with words (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research n.p.).
Last but not least is known as interpersonal therapy, which is the kind of therapy that pays attention to the patient/clients current relationships with other individuals (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research n.p.). Here, the interpersonal therapists main objective is to develop the patient/clients interpersonal skills for him or her to be able to properly relate to other individuals including his or her family, friends, and colleagues (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research n.p.). In addition to that, the interpersonal therapist plays a large role in the patient/clients assessment on his or her interaction with other people and develop strategies for dealing with relationship and communication problems (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research n.p.).
Personal Preference and Reasons for it
I prefer the fourth one. If I become a therapist I am most likely to choose Solution-focused Brief Therapy because of the following reasons:
First of all, the more conventional/traditional types are all expensive (The Brief Therapy Practice n.p.). Solution-focused Brief Therapy, on the other hand, is not; in fact, statistical information show that there are several economically-challenged individuals go for this type of counseling/therapy to address their personal dilemmas simply because they cannot afford the luxurious fees of the other types of therapy suggested to them (The Brief Therapy Practice n.p.). In fact, this kind of psychological therapy may also be availed free of charge to those individuals who really do not have the capacity to pay but needed to solve a certain dilemma (The Brief Therapy Practice n.p.).
In addition to the aforementioned, I prefer Solution-based or Solution-focused Brief Therapy because it is brief (The Brief Therapy Practice n.p.). I must admit that I tend to get impatient with regards to waiting for positive results and so I like this one because it is said that a dilemma is addressed in not more than five sessions of counseling/therapy (The Brief Therapy Practice n.p.).
Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Psychotherapy: An Overview of the
Types of Therapy. 2008. n.a. 23 February 2008.
The Brief Therapy Practice. Solution Focused Brief Therapy. 2003.
n.a. 23 February 2008.
Wagner, K.V. Types of Therapy. 2008. The New York Times Company. 23 February 2008.
World Self-Medication Industry. Therapy. 2004. n.a. 23 February 2008.