Rhino Poaching in Assam Essay

Published: 2020-02-21 12:43:01
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Category: Poaching

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Rhino poaching in Assam is a major environmental issues in India which continues in the region of Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park and some other grasslands of Assam. The one horn rhino or Indian rhino is surviving in the north-east corner of India, Assam. Kaziranga National Park, Pobitora in Marigaon district and Orang National Park in Darrang district of Assam account almost 95% of the total wild One horned rhino in the world.[1] These rhinos are inhabited most of the floodplain of the Indogangetic and Brahmaputra riverine tracts and the neighboring foothills. In early days[edit]

Moghul emperor Babur on a rhino hunt, 16th century Sport hunting became common in the late 1800s and early 1900s.[2] Indian rhinos were hunted relentlessly and persistently. Reports from the middle of the 19th century claim that some military officers in Assam individually shot more than 200 rhinos. By 1908, the population in Kaziranga had decreased to around 12 individuals.[3] In the early 1900s, the species had declined to near extinction.[2] Poaching for rhinoceros horn became the single most important reason for the decline of the Indian rhino after conservation measures were put in place from the beginning of the 20th century, when legal hunting ended. From 1980 to 1993, 692 rhinos were poached in India. In Indias Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary 41 rhinos were killed in 1983, virtually the entire population of the sanctuary.[4] By the mid-1990s, poaching had rendered the species extinct there.[5] Methods of poaching[edit]

Six methods of killing rhinos have been recorded:[4]
Shooting is by far the most common method used; rhino horn traders hire sharpshooters and often supply them with rifles and ammunition. Trapping in a pit depends largely on the terrain and availability of grass to cover it; pits are dug out in such a way that a fallen animal has little room to manoeuvre with its head slightly above the pit, so that it is easy to saw off the horn. Electrocuting is used where high voltage powerlines pass through or near a protected area, to which poachers hook a long insulated rod connected to a wire, which is suspended above a rhino path. Poisoning by smearing zinc phosphide rat poison or pesticides on salt licks frequently used by rhinos. With a noose, which cuts through the rhinos skin and kills it by strangulation. Reasons[edit]

Illegal rhino horn trade has been the main problem facing managers of the rhino-protected areas of Assam. Some other parts like nails, skins have very high value in Asian traditional medicinal market. The horn is believed to be the strongest phrodisiac in China and used as Traditional Chinese Medicine. These parts are sold in areas where these beliefs are practiced mostly Asian countries including Vietnam and China on the black market.[6] Statistics[edit]

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