The idea of disappointment in Araby and An Encounter. Essay

Published: 2020-04-22 08:25:56
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Category: Prose

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Dubliners covers the lives of many different characters over four different themes in their lives. These themes are childhood, adolescence, maturity and public life. The theme in Araby and An Encounter is that of childhood. Joyce wanted to describe Dublin life so that the reader could be seen to be looking into a Nicely polished looking glass. At the time that Joyce was writing he felt that society as a whole was in a state of paralysis and was stagnant. He describes characters that try to escape from society and break free, however, it seems that freedom is never achieved and the characters are left disappointed and frustrated. This can be seen clearly in both the stories, though there are some small differences in the bid for escape and the attitudes of the characters.

An Encounter is the story of two boys who make an attempt to play truant from school. They are influenced by tales of adventure of the Wild West,

The adventures related in the literature of the Wild West were remote from my nature but, at least, they opened doors of escape.

and so try to create their own adventure. There escape is well planned and so they have very high expectations of what their day will be like. Their planned trip is also against their parents wishes and so there is an element of risk evolved, which would make the trip much more exciting and adventurous. In Araby a boy thinks he has fallen in love with a girl from across the street and takes it upon himself to go to the bazaar to buy her something because she cannot go herself. He is driven by his infatuation of her,

I pressed the palms of my hands together until they trembled, murmuring: O love! O love! many times.

and the thought that he will be going somewhere new and exotic, and so break the monotonous routine of his daily life. Therefore, he has very high expectations of what he will see and what he will do. Therefore, both these tales build up a high level of excitement and expectation, which can only bring disappointment when none of their wishes are achieved.

The disappointments in the stories are not just limited to the failings of the adventures. In Araby there is the disappointment that his Uncle has not paid much interest in his life and has forgotten to give him the money for the bazaar and the failure of the Uncle to see that his nephew is excited. This adds to the boys bid to escape because of the claustrophobic effect his Uncle and Aunt have over him. The most obvious signs of disappointment are in the bazaar. Firstly, when the boy gets there the bazaar is closing, he sees that two men were counting money on a salver. The symbolism of the bazaar being an exotic place is lost and he realises that the bazaar is just a market, where money is traded for wares. When in the bazaar he also realises that he is not that important, people ignore him, and he finishes by saying,

I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity; and my eyes burnt with anguish and anger.

In this story the boy has gone through a psychological change, which made him look at himself in a new way. This gave him a fright making him angry but at the same time very disappointed, because he realises that his life is no different than any other person in Dublin.

In An Encounter most of the disappointment occurs because of the failed sense of adventure. They discover that the docks are not what they imagined, and they find that they are too tired at any rate to carry on with their adventure to their Wild West,

It was too late and we were too tired to carry out our project of visiting Pigeon House.

This tiredness and the lack of excitement lead on to the old man. He in a sense completely breaks the sense of adventure and escape for the narrator. He sees that they are schoolboys and treats them as such. This shatters the image of being mature and adventurous, and brings in a sense of claustrophobia because there is nothing these boys can do; they will always be treated as schoolboys. This is a huge disappointment for the narrator, especially as he tries to give the impression of being well read and highly intelligent, but the man seems to completely ignore the impression the narrator tried to give.

In both Araby and An Encounter there are common themes of desire to escape, frustration of elders and the claustrophobic effect of the Dublin society. All these effects of the characters drive them to try to escape, but because they are tied down by these strong ties to the society and to Dublin itself, they always find disappointment in their futile attempts to escape. Araby and An Encounter epitomise the failure of the young to break the paralysis of their own society or to discover a way of escaping from that society, but certainly proves that escape is much harder than all the characters believe.

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