1984 is a novel in which the world has been transformed into a society in which a group called the Party can watch every persons moves at any time of the day. 1984 manipulates the society into believing everything they say. George Orwells masterpiece makes the audience challenge the values and attitudes of the novel. Values of freedom, privacy and trust. Attitudes of anger, and love. BP1 1984 makes the audience challenge the value of freedom. What is freedom??? Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four. If that is granted, all else follows.
This quote shows that the Party controls the world so much that they have the power to change the answer for 2+2=4 to 2+2=5 (or any other number). hat the choice for mankind lay between freedom and happiness, and that, for the great bulk of mankind, happiness was better. This quote shows that people in the world of Oceania have a choice of freedom or happiness. Because most people know the consequences of having freedom, they choose the safe option and have happiness in the Party. This leads into the next quote: To die hating them, that was freedom.
If you are with the Party, you will have happiness (previous quote) and if you are against them, you will have the freedom to speak out against the Party. But this means that you must die, because almost all of the haters of the Party will get caught eventually and shot or killed. Because the world that people live in has been manipulated so that people do not have freedom, we as the audience are challenged with the moral of freedom and what it means having it. BP2 Orwells setting in 1984 also makes us challenge the values of truth.
There was truth and there was untruth, and if you clung to the truth even against the whole world, you were not mad. This is saying that the people of Oceania know their own truths, and everyone has an opinion as to what is the truth and what is not. But people are forced to believe in a truth that is untrue when they know a truth which is true. Thus people have two truths to believe or know in. The people who follow the Party and respect them will believe in the untruth and forget the real truth, and the people who are against the Party will know their truth which is the truth.
So the people who are against the Party are the sane ones. If all records told the same tale then the lie passed into history and became truth. This is saying that if all of the novels in the world said the same things, this would become the truth. And if one thing was different from a book/magazine etc. then the Party would change it so it would become the truth. It is like saying if 10 books said that WW1 did not occur, and another book did, the Party would get that one book and change it so that it would say that WW1 did not occur.