Mayella Ewell was an incredibly lonely woman, she had no friends, and had to basically be the mother to her siblings. When Tom Robinson comes along, she sees an escape. She tempts Tom and, realizing what shes done, she frames him for her dads beating. During his speech, Atticus says, She has committed no crime, she has merely broken a time-honored code of our society, a code so severe that whoever breaks it is hounded from our midst as unfit to live with¦ she knew full well the enormity of her offense¦ she must destroy the evidence of her offense (271-2).
Mayella didnt do anything illegal, just broke whatever twisted moral imperatives the town had, and knowing shed be cast out if the town found out, she destroyed the evidence by accusing him of rape. Atticus tells the jury, she struck out at her victim- of necessity she must put him away from her he must be removed from her presence, from this world. (203-4). Mayella felt that Tom wasnt a person who could suffer or die, just evidence of what shed done, so she had no issue testifying falsely against him to save her reputation.
Dolphus Raymond was the town drunk. Everyone thought he was an alcoholic and therefore had no idea what he was doing having a colored woman and mixed kids (214). Despite their assumptions, he wasnt ever drinking alcohol, just Coca-Cola. During the trial, Dolphus explains to Scout, Some folks dont like the way I live¦ I try to give em a reason, you see, it helps folks if they can latch onto a reason¦ they could never understand that I live like I do because thats the way I want to live (268). Dolphus explains that in order to get people to not judge him, he pretends to be drunk, to give em a reason because otherwise they wouldnt understand. Especially since, unfortunately, people tend to hate what they do not understand.
Social rules and pressures ruled the south in the 30s. While Mayella gave into social pressures, she was in the end unhappy. She also basically signed the death sentence of an innocent man in the process. Conversely, Dolphus goes against societys laws and has a perfectly happy relationship. Theyre both excellent examples of how society can impact ones actions.