Stereotyping, ignorance, male intransigence and social perceptions (definitions of male and female) are at the root of discrimination against women, not the reinforcements which stereotyping finds in tradition, culture, norms, publicity and the mass media. Even if a woman of color obtains top management position, many subordinates are biased against her because of equal opportunities policies employed by the state and demanding promotion and support of racial minorities and women (Hewitt, 2005).
The success stories of Oprah Winfrey and Condoleezza Rice do not prove that the USA has transcended from racism and sexism. These women are real heroes who prove their unique political and personal abilities, wit mind and great desire to be equal to men. In contrast to few examples of success, there are millions of women faced with discrimination and oppression at work and within the family. This problem can be overcome only by a transformation of the social division of labor by males, which means altering one of the foundations of the economic organization of society, namely domination by males.
The root of the differences in the development of womens activities as opposed to mens lies in the social division of labor, with its specific allocation of tasks by sex and the different value which society attaches to such tasks. Oprah Winfrey and Condoleezza Rice prove that women possess the same abilities as men have and can be equal to them. The greater majority of women of color face sexism, lack of employment opportunities, wage discrimination, exploitation, social taboos and stereotyping.