Shia Islam is the official religion of the Iran, and Persian is the official language of the country. Several intricately connected governing bodies are comprised in the political system of the Iran, and the 1979 Constitution has been considered the base for these governing bodies. The Supreme Leader is the highest authority of the state. Ali Khomeini is serving this highest authority currently in the state. Nearly 6,000 years of extension and one of the oldest histories in the world has been in the Iran. The central location in Eurasia has given it a geo-strategic importance throughout the history.
The UN, NAM, OPEC, ECO, and OIC have been joined by the founding member of Iran. An important position in the world economy has been occupied by the regional power and authority of the Iran. Substantial reserves of the natural gas and petroleum are some of the causes of this significance, and Southwest Asia has been influenced by these considerably. The Cradle of Humanity has been comprised in one of the few states, which is the Iran. A cognate of Aryan has been used for the naming of Iran, and Land of the Aryans is the literal meaning of the Iran.